Optimal Regulation and Infrastructure for Ground, Air and Maritime Interfaces
Welcome to the ORIGAMI project, co-funded by the European Commission within the Seventh Framework Programme. The project ran from February 2011 to April 2013. The project consortium comprised seven partners from six European countries.
ORIGAMI was concerned with improvements in long-distance door-to-door passenger transport chains through improved co-modality and intermodality. The project addressed the potential for greater efficiency and reduced environmental impact of passenger transport by judicious encouragement of integration, cooperation and, where appropriate, competition in the provision of these local connections. Thus the project encompassed physical characteristics of the network, characteristics of the modes, the coordination of operators and integration of services, and the cohesiveness of multi-modal networks.
ORIGAMI also focussed on users of the transport system, their demand for travel, their expectations and their reaction to the transport supply available. The profile of users varies across European countries and regions and so too does their actual and future travel behaviour. A number of factors, such as demographics and social groups, influence this behaviour and these factors need to be taken into account when trying to assess the potential effectiveness of any intervention.
The general focus of ORIGAMI has been on all those long-distance journeys which might benefit from more effective cooperation and/or interconnection between different modes and services, and on those situations where this is hampered by institutional barriers, lack of investment, or failure to innovate, and which could benefit from a more enlightened approach. One particular focus of ORIGAMI was on technical solutions to improved co-modality and, in particular, intermodality, and the project aimed to show how good solutions found in one mode can be transferred to other modes.